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State of the Cybersecurity Workforce: New ISACA Research Shows Highest Retention Difficulties in Years

The Great Resignation is plaguing industries across the board—but it’s especially challenging within in-demand fields like cybersecurity. According to ISACA’s new survey report, State of Cybersecurity 2022: Global Update on Workforce Efforts, Resources and Cyberoperations, organizations are struggling more than ever with hiring and retaining qualified cybersecurity professionals and managing skills gaps.

New ISACA #cybersecurity research shows highest retention difficulties in years.

The eight annual survey features insights from more than 2,000 cybersecurity professionals around the globe, and examines cybersecurity staffing and skills, resources, cyberthreats and cybersecurity maturity.

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Hiring and retention challenges

As in past years, filling cybersecurity roles and retaining talent continues to be a challenge for many enterprises. Sixty-three percent of respondents indicate they have unfilled cybersecurity positions, up eight percentage points from 2021. Sixty-two percent report that their cybersecurity teams are understaffed. One in five say it takes more than six months to find qualified cybersecurity candidates for open positions.

Sixty percent of respondents report difficulties retaining qualified cybersecurity professionals, up seven percentage points from 2021. The top reasons that cybersecurity professionals are leaving their jobs include:

  1. Recruited by other companies (59 percent)
  2. Insufficient salary or bonus (48 percent)
  3. Limited advancement opportunities (47 percent)
  4. High stress levels (45 percent)
  5. Poor management support (34 percent)

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Skills gaps and mitigation

Respondents note that the top skills gaps they see in today’s cybersecurity professionals are soft skills (54 percent), cloud computing (52 percent) and security controls (34 percent). Soft skills also top the list of skills gaps among recent graduates, at 66 percent.

To address these skills gaps, respondents note that cross training of employees and increased use of contractors and consultants (up five percentage points from the year prior) are the main ways they mitigate technical skill gaps. Just over half (52 percent) say their enterprises require university degrees, a six-percentage-point decrease from 2021.

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“The Great Resignation is compounding the long-standing hiring and retention challenges the cybersecurity community has been facing for years, and systemic changes are critical,” says Jonathan Brandt, ISACA Director, Professional Practices and Innovation. “Flexibility is key. From broadening searches to include candidates without degrees to providing support, training and flexible schedules that attract and retain qualified talent, organizations can move the needle in strengthening their teams and closing skills gaps.”

Budgets Leveling

Forty-two percent say their cybersecurity budgets are appropriately funded—the highest percentage in eight years, up five percentage points from 2021, and the most favorable report since ISACA began doing this survey. Fifty-five percent of respondents also expect their enterprises to have budget increases, while 38 percent expect no change, and multiyear data suggests budgets are leveling.

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Threat Landscape

This year, 43 percent of respondents indicate that their organization is experiencing more cyberattacks, an eight-percentage-point increase from 2021.

Enterprise reputation (79 percent), data breach concerns (70 percent) and supply chain disruptions (54 percent) are the top concerns related to cyberattacks for respondents. While ransomware attacks top the headlines, the survey found that ransomware attacks have remained virtually unchanged from last year, at 10 percent. Other top types of cyberattacks experienced in the past year include:

  1. Social engineering (13 percent)
  2. Advanced persistent threat (12 percent)
  3. Security misconfiguration (10 percent)
    Ransomware (10 percent)
  4. Unpatched system (9 percent)
    Denial of service (9 percent)

Despite the threats they face, 82 percent of respondents—an all-time high, and a five-percentage-point increase from last year—indicate they are confident in their cybersecurity team’s ability to detect and respond to cyberthreats.


When it comes to cyberrisk assessments, 41 percent of survey respondents say their enterprises conduct them annually, up two percentage points from last year. One-third of respondents say their enterprise conducts them more than annually.

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