Data from Phase 2 PILOT Study of Bristol Myers Squibb’s CAR T cell Therapy Breyanzi Show Substantial Durable Responses in Patients with Refractory or Relapsed Large B-cell Lymphoma After First-Line Therapy
Bristol Myers Squibb announced results from the primary analysis of PILOT, a multicenter, Phase 2 study evaluating Breyanzi (lisocabtagene maraleucel) in adults with refractory or relapsed large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL) after first-line therapy who were not deemed candidates for high-dose chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). The PILOT study is the only company-sponsored trial to evaluate a CAR T cell therapy as a second-line treatment for patients with relapsed or refractory LBCL who are not considered candidates for stem cell transplant. The data will be presented in a poster presentation at the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting on Saturday, June 4 from 9:00 AM – 12:00 PM EDT (ABSTRACT 7062).
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$BMY announces new data for patients with primary relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma, or #LBCL, at #ASCO22.
The PILOT study enrolled a broad patient population of adults with refractory or relapsed LBCL after first-line treatment who were not considered candidates for transplant based on age, performance status and/or organ function and comorbidities, and regardless of time to relapse following first-line treatment. With a median follow-up of 12.3 months, the majority of patients treated with Breyanzi (n=61) saw a reduction in disease, with 80% of patients responding to treatment (overall response rate; 95% CI: 68.2 – 89.4) and 54% of patients achieving a complete response (CR; 95% CI:40.8-66.9). Responses with Breyanzi were durable, with a median duration of response of 12.1 months (95% CI: 6.2-NR) at 15.5 months median follow-up. In patients who achieved a CR, median duration of response was 21.7 months (95% CI: 12.7-NR). Median progression-free survival with Breyanzi was 9.0 months (95% CI: 4.2-NR), and median overall survival has not been reached (95% CI: 17.3-NR). In the PILOT study, patients were treated with Breyanzi and monitored in both the inpatient and outpatient setting.
“For patients with large B-cell lymphoma that is refractory to or relapses after first-line therapy, stem cell transplant has been the only potentially curative treatment option, but the reality is many patients are not candidates for stem cell transplant, leaving limited treatment options,” said Leo I. Gordon, M.D., study investigator, Professor in Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and the Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center, Chicago, Illinois. “The results from the PILOT study, including the patient-reported outcomes, show that treatment with liso-cel as a second-line therapy offers durable responses with improved quality of life for patients who historically have had poor prognosis.”
LBCL, the most common type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, is an aggressive blood cancer and approximately 40% of patients will have disease that is refractory to or relapses after first-line treatment. High-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplant has been the mainstay of care in the second-line setting; however, less than half of patients with primary refractory or relapsed disease are considered candidates for a stem cell transplant. For these patients, there are limited treatments that provide long-term disease control and palliative care is often the only option. If left untreated, patients with relapsed or refractory LBCL have a life expectancy of just three to four months.
“At Bristol Myers Squibb, we strive for cure by advancing innovative therapies that may provide long-term clinical benefit for some of the most challenging cancers with the hope of creating new standards of care that not only improve outcomes but also the patient experience,” said Anne Kerber, senior vice president, Cell Therapy Development, Bristol Myers Squibb. “With Breyanzi, we have boldly designed a broad clinical trial program in relapsed or refractory LBCL, including patients who are not intended for stem cell transplant after failure of first-line therapy. These results from the PILOT study continue to demonstrate the practice-changing potential of Breyanzi in this setting, delivering on the promise of CAR T cell therapy for more patients.”
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In the PILOT study, Breyanzi showed a manageable safety profile with no new safety signals and low rates of severe cytokine release syndrome (CRS) or neurologic events, and no Grade 4/5 CRS or neurologic events reported. Any grade CRS occurred in 38% of patients, with Grade 3 CRS reported in one patient (2%). Any grade neurologic events were seen in 31% of patients with Grade 3 neurologic events reported in three patients (5%).
In a separate analysis of patient-reported outcomes (PRO) from the PILOT study, patients who received Breyanzi and were evaluable for the PRO analysis (n=56) showed significant improvements in fatigue and pain. Improvements in overall lymphoma symptoms were clinically meaningful following treatment with Breyanzi, and in an individual patient-level analysis, 70% of patients reported meaningful improvements in quality of life based on FACT-LymS scores at month 6. Results from the analysis will be presented in a poster presentation on Monday, June 6 from 2:15 PM – 5:15 PM EDT (Abstract 6567).
A supplemental Biologics License Application for Breyanzi for the treatment of relapsed or refractory LBCL after failure of first-line therapy is currently under Priority Review with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), with an assigned Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA) goal date of June 24, 2022.
Breyanzi, a differentiated CD-19 directed CAR T cell therapy, is currently approved by the FDA for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory LBCL after two or more lines of systemic therapy, including diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) not otherwise specified (including DLBCL arising from indolent lymphoma), high-grade B-cell lymphoma, primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma, and follicular lymphoma grade 3B. Breyanzi is not indicated for the treatment of patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma
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